Martinez Homestead
The Project <slide 2 photo, window and tilted lintel>
This project was conducted by the 2002 Geosciences 597J Dendroarchaeology class of the LTRR, UA, with much assistance from the Farmington District Bureau of Land Management (BLM).

<slide 1 photo, front view of homestead with backpack>
Ronald H. Towner, LTRR, UA
Eric David Peters, University of Illinois-Chicago
Beth Bagwell, University of New Mexico
James Smith, Eastern New Mexico University
Tom Windes, National Park Service
Ivan Ghezzi, Yale University
S. Colby Phillips, University of New Mexico

Project Goals <slide 3 photo, students with fence, orange string in foreground>

The project was designed to use the intensive 3-week course to:

The location of Martinez homestead in the southern section of Largo Canyon.
The area is dominated by a dendritic drainage pattern and all the surface water flows north toward the San Juan River.
1/4 Section Pueblito was also studied by the class.
<slide 7 image, map of project area>

Geological Context
Steeply incised canyons cut through various sandstone and limestone formations.
Clays and shales erode from the hillsides.
Elevation varies from approximately 1750-2250 m with higher elevations in the south.
Rainfall averages 8-10 inches a year.
Mostly as winter snows and summer monsoon rains.
<slide 8 photo, homestead in foreground of butte edge>

Sagebrush, rabbitbrush, and various grasses dominate the alluvial floodplain.
<slide 9 photo, floodplain>
Mixed juniper and pinyon forest comprises the forest overstory on the hillslopes and mesa tops.
<slide 10 photo, plain>
Ponderosa pine and Douglas fir grow in high elevation areas and more mesic environments, such as north-facing alcoves.
<slide 11 photo, pine trees>

The Martinez Homestead <slide 12 photo, distant shot of homestead and butte>

<slide 13 image, site map>

The House

<slide 15 image, martinez homestead floor plan>
<slide 16 photo, Jeff Dean sampling in room 1> note the multiple window lintels
<slide 17 photo, south doorway>
The south doorway in Room 1 (note the white limestone rocks on the roof and multiple door lintels).
The view is from inside Room 4.
The milled lumber door frame was not sampled because the outside rings have been removed.
Room 1 Data Table

Interpreting Room 1

Room 2 Data Table
<slide 21 photo, jacal wall and spring alcove>

Room 3 Data Table

Interpreting Room 3

<slide 24 image, Martinez Homestead Corral>
<slide 25 photo, corral fence>
Looking south at the corral. The large Douglas fir beams in the foreground may have been placed to control erosion.
Corral Data Table 1 & 2

Interpreting the Corral

<slide 29 photo, lambing pens>
<slide 30 image, map of lambing pens>
Lambing Pen Data Table

Interpreting the Lambing Pens

<slide 33 photo, trough>
A ditch carried water from a spring near the corral across an arroyo in this trough towards the house (note the deposition above the trough).
<slide 34 photo, notches>
Ax-cut notches indicate a support beam that has since washed away.

Significance of the Trough 

<slide 35, Ron sampling trough> Note height of the current bank above the trough.

Species Distribution & Wood Use Table

Interpreting Wood Use at the Site

The Chronology of the Martinez Homestead

Ethnographic Information


We sincerely appreciate the assistance of the following individuals and institutions:

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